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District Court Judges

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District Court Judges are rescheduling all non-essential court cases, but continue to handle non-jury criminal proceedings. All judges continue to hear cases deemed essential by the Texas Judicial Branch - Office of Court Administration.

All of the judges are asking those who have court appearances to limit who comes to court with them to the party and their counsel, if possible. Specific questions about judicial proceedings should be directed to each Court where a case is pending.

If you have questions about your court case setting, please call the specific court.

General Information

The district courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction of Texas.

The geographical area served by each court is established by the legislature, but each county must be served by at least one district court. In sparsely populated areas of the State, several counties may be served by a single district court, while an urban county may be served by many district courts.

Smith County currently has four (4) District Courts. The 321st District Court is designated to hear only family law cases, while the other three district courts hear only civil and criminal matters.

District courts have original jurisdiction in all felony criminal cases, divorce cases, cases involving title to land, election contest cases, civil matters in which the amount in controversy (the amount of money or damages involved) is $200 or more, and any matters in which jurisdiction is not placed in another trial court.

While most district courts try both criminal and civil cases, in the more densely populated counties the courts may specialize in civil, criminal, juvenile, or family law matters. The Texas Judicial System, Office of Court Administration (March 2005).